Castello di Bolgheri: Nobility of 30 generations
The origins of Castello di Bolgheri date back to the 1200s and it has been the property of the family of the della Gherardesca counts since that time. The location of winery and cellars is right inside the famous castle, which gives to the estate an inimitable medieval charm. The buildings inside the castle were restored in the second half of the 18th century; the cellars were built at the same time.
The farm surrounds the castle and extends over an area of 130 hectares; apart of vineyards there are 6,000 olive trees, various crops and woodland. It stands within the Bolgheri DOC area in the municipality of Castagneto Carducci. Each side of the farm is flanked by the famous avenue of cypresses which is celebrated in the poems of Giosuè Carducci.
Since 1997 the vineyards have been planted with the main Bordeaux varieties. Vineyards, with average height of 70 meters above sea level, face mostly southwest, and the rows, which are perpendicular to the sea, benefit from the afternoon wind during the hot summer days. The soil is mainly sandy-clayey, skeletal- and stone-rich, with a sub-alkaline reaction.
There is a good presence of rock in the land, and a pH which is for the most part basic. These characteristics, together with a calcareous character, represent the matrix of these wines. This type of soil produces wines with subtle and soft tannins, well-integrated low acidity and a marked aromatic depth.
The estate as well as the major Bolgheri buildings and land are owned by countess Franca Spalletti Trivelli, who inherited it from mother Alessandra della Gherardesca’s in 1984. Today, the ownership within the same family is in the hands of the 30th generation. Clemente and Federico Zileri Dal Verme, husband and son of countess, are in charge of the management as well as an agronomy consultant and oenologist of the estate respectively. Cellar master Alex Dondi has joined them in 2005.